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The law of January 1, 2004 obliges the owners of buried or semi-buried outdoor swimming pools to secure their pool with at least one
standardized safety device. The main goal is to protect children from drowning. It is the second leading cause of accidental death in children under the age of 15. This measure nevertheless made it possible to divide the number of accidents by 10. Here is our guide to understand everything and make your choice.

Security devices

There are four standardized safety devices (French standard NF P90-306 to 309): the alarm, the barrier, the pool enclosure and the pool cover.

The pool alarm

It is certainly the most economical and easiest to install security device. It can equip any type of pool. However, even if it must remain activated 24 hours a day (except during swimming), it is not self-sufficient . It requires a constant presence of an adult to be able to react quickly. For children under 5, it is advisable to combine it with a blanket or barrier. If you have no children or are over 5 years old, the alarm alone may be considered.

There are two types of pool alarms:

  • the submerged alarm : it is underwater and rings in less than 11 seconds when it detects the fall of a child weighing at least 6 kg. It reactivates automatically after swimming.
  • the perimeter alarm : it is deployed around the swimming pool. It rings as soon as a certain perimeter, delimited by infrared terminals, is crossed.

Be careful to regularly check the state of the battery !

The barrier

To meet the legal criteria, your barrier must be more than 110 cm high and equipped with a simultaneous double locking gate. A child under the age of 5 should not be able to open it . Even if the law does not require it for non-collective swimming pools, it is recommended to opt for an automatic closure for more security. It must also be placed at least 1 meter from the edge of the pool.

The pool enclosure

Your pool enclosure must be installed in such a way as to avoid injury: inside and outside, the edges must not be sharp or lead to the risk of jamming or shearing. When it is closed, access to the pool must be completely impossible for children under 5 years of age. Its closure must be able to be locked and secured. To comply with the standard, these shelters must meet solidity standards, in particular in the event of strong wind and snowfall or hail. This solution can however be very expensive and often unsightly. Depending on its size, a building permit or a prior declaration of work must be made and sent to your town hall.

The pool cover

Your pool cover may be flexible or rigid, but must be installed so that it is impossible for a child under the age of 5 to immerse it when it is closed. It must also withstand the weight of an adult person (up to 100 kilos). The materials used for its manufacture must be UV resistant and the metal parts must be treated against corrosion and rust. It is perhaps the most secure device. It can be combined with an alarm or a barrier for even more security.

Maintain vigilance

Beyond the law, the installation of these devices is a moral responsibility, which saves lives. It is necessary to choose the most suitable device (s) according to your family situation, and also to make it evolve according to this latter.

As a precaution, it is advisable to:

  • Always stay vigilant with children around the pool, even when the safety device is activated or locked.
  • Also take care to familiarize children with water. Baby swimming lessons, for example, allow them to learn to turn around, head above water, before they even learn to swim.
  • Explain to children the dangers of a swimming pool without adult supervision.
  • Do not leave any toys lying around by the pool.
  • When swimming, always equipped children unable to swim with a floating device : armband, float belt, float swimsuit, etc.
  • Always leave a floating board, buoy or fries around the pool, even for older children and adults . With fatigue, accidents can happen quickly.
The law of January 1, 2004 obliges the owners of buried or semi-buried outdoor swimming pools to secure their pool with at least one
standardized safety device. The main goal is to protect children from drowning. It is the second leading cause of accidental death in children under the age of 15. This measure nevertheless made it possible to divide the number of accidents by 10. Here is our guide to understand everything and make your choice.

Security devices

There are four standardized safety devices (French standard NF P90-306 to 309): the alarm, the barrier, the pool enclosure and the pool cover.

The pool alarm

It is certainly the most economical and easiest to install security device. It can equip any type of pool. However, even if it must remain activated 24 hours a day (except during swimming), it is not self-sufficient . It requires a constant presence of an adult to be able to react quickly. For children under 5, it is advisable to combine it with a blanket or barrier. If you have no children or are over 5 years old, the alarm alone may be considered.

There are two types of pool alarms:

  • the submerged alarm : it is underwater and rings in less than 11 seconds when it detects the fall of a child weighing at least 6 kg. It reactivates automatically after swimming.
  • the perimeter alarm : it is deployed around the swimming pool. It rings as soon as a certain perimeter, delimited by infrared terminals, is crossed.

Be careful to regularly check the state of the battery !

The barrier

To meet the legal criteria, your barrier must be more than 110 cm high and equipped with a simultaneous double locking gate. A child under the age of 5 should not be able to open it . Even if the law does not require it for non-collective swimming pools, it is recommended to opt for an automatic closure for more security. It must also be placed at least 1 meter from the edge of the pool.

The pool enclosure

Your pool enclosure must be installed in such a way as to avoid injury: inside and outside, the edges must not be sharp or lead to the risk of jamming or shearing. When it is closed, access to the pool must be completely impossible for children under 5 years of age. Its closure must be able to be locked and secured. To comply with the standard, these shelters must meet solidity standards, in particular in the event of strong wind and snowfall or hail. This solution can however be very expensive and often unsightly. Depending on its size, a building permit or a prior declaration of work must be made and sent to your town hall.

The pool cover

Your pool cover may be flexible or rigid, but must be installed so that it is impossible for a child under the age of 5 to immerse it when it is closed. It must also withstand the weight of an adult person (up to 100 kilos). The materials used for its manufacture must be UV resistant and the metal parts must be treated against corrosion and rust. It is perhaps the most secure device. It can be combined with an alarm or a barrier for even more security.

Maintain vigilance

Beyond the law, the installation of these devices is a moral responsibility, which saves lives. It is necessary to choose the most suitable device (s) according to your family situation, and also to make it evolve according to this latter.

As a precaution, it is advisable to:

  • Always stay vigilant with children around the pool, even when the safety device is activated or locked.
  • Also take care to familiarize children with water. Baby swimming lessons, for example, allow them to learn to turn around, head above water, before they even learn to swim.
  • Explain to children the dangers of a swimming pool without adult supervision.
  • Do not leave any toys lying around by the pool.
  • When swimming, always equipped children unable to swim with a floating device : armband, float belt, float swimsuit, etc.
  • Always leave a floating board, buoy or fries around the pool, even for older children and adults . With fatigue, accidents can happen quickly.